An ovarian cyst can be formed during the menstrual cycle.
During the course of the cycle, an egg grows inside a sac called a follicle. This sac is located inside the ovaries. in most cases, this follicle or sac breaks open and releases an egg. But if the follicle doesn’t break open, the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary. Depending on the type (polycystic ovaries , endometriosis cystadenoma , dermoid cyst)
Most women will experience a cyst on the ovaries at least once, and most are painless, causes no symptoms, and are discovered during a routine pelvic exam.
Doctors are unsure about what causes ovarian cancer but there are certain risk factors like;
- Smoking & excessive alcohol intake
- Taking fertility drugs (such as Clomid)
- Hormone replacement therapy Family or personal history of ovarian, breast, or colorectal cancer (having the BRCA gene can increase the risk) amongst others. Some symptoms of ovarian cyst include
- Pain or bloating in the abdomen.
- Difficulty urinating
- frequent need to urinate.
- Dull ache in the lower back.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Painful menstruation, abnormal bleeding.
- Weight gain , Nausea or vomiting,
- Loss of appetite
- feeling full quickly.
- painful bowel movements.
In rare cases, an ovarian cyst can cause serious problems, so it’s best to have it checked by your doctor. Early detection is key.
Do well to check yourself today & live healthy.